Dr Maria Montessori (pronounced MON-tuh-SORE-ee), the first woman to graduate from the University of Tome Medical School, became interested in education as a doctor treating mentally handicapped children.
After returning to the university for further study, she began her work with non – handicapped children. Through her studies she came to believe that many of the problems of the children she was working with were educational rather than medical. In examining education she felt that children were not achieving their potential because education was not based upon science.
Her first step, then, was to attempt to abandon preconceived ideas about education and to begin to study children, their development and the process of learning through scientific methods of observation and experimentation.